Skopje, October 1 (MIA) – Kokino is not only an observatory, it is also a holy place and culture of people that lived in the Bronze Age, from the 18th till 20th century BC, in the same period as Minoans in Crete and Hittites in Anatolia. This is claimed by Gjorge Cenev, a supervisor of excavations in northeastern Macedonia.
Intensive excavations in the past couple of months have revealed a network of 10 shrines on mountain tops in the Kumanovo and Kratovo region, located nearby Pcinja and Kriva Reka rivers and artifacts show that residents had had an organised life 40 centuries ago in the area. Cenev told a press conference that the discovery had an enormous importance in argumentation of time, space of their life and culture.
– Through archaeological and astronomic analyses of Kokino and the characteristic of these shrines, which are compared with experiences of the global science, it can be said that the culture which founded Kokino existed in the 18th, 19th and 20th century BC. As of today we can freely talk about a Kokino culture, the main feature of these people. There are no other similar artifacts in the Balkan Peninsula, said Cenev.
The discovery, he added, is significant in an attempt to establish a continuity of the arguments for civilisation development in Macedonia and in the Balkans.
Characteristics of kingdom have been identified in the Kokino culture, because the cult of the god of sun and storm were worshiped as well as other deities.
The Kokino observatory itself, which served as a calendar to measure time, is amongst the main achievements of the intellectual and spiritual capacities of the culture. In the vicinity, there are at least ten archaeological sites from the Bronze Age with figurines of people and animals. Cenev expressed hopes that the culture had fostered an alphabet and if that is discobred then Kokino will meet the criteria to be considered an ancient civilisation, the oldest one in the Balkans.
As of this year, Kokino is included in UNESCO’s temporary list as an archaeological and astronomic site. In order to be included in the UN list of world cultural heritage, a complex documentation is needed with the participation of scientists from various fields.